The runes

Below are the runes of the Elder Futhark

rune Fehu (F: cattle).
rune Uruz (U: auroch, a wild ox).
rune Thurisaz (Th: thorn or giant).
rune Ansuz (A: an Æsir god).
rune Raidho (R: ride, wagon).
rune Kenaz (K: torch).
rune Gebu (G: gift).
rune Wunjo (W or V: joy).
rune Hagalaz (H: hail, hailstone).
rune Nauthiz (N: necessity).
rune Isa (I: ice).
rune Jera (J or Y: year).
rune Eihwaz (Ei: Yew tree).
rune Perthro (P: initiation).
rune Algiz (Z: elk).
rune Sowilo (S: sun).
rune Tiwaz (T: Tiw, the sky god).
rune Berkano (B: birch).
rune Ehwaz (E: horse).
rune Mannaz (M: mankind).
rune Laguz (L: water).
rune Ingwaz (Ng: Ing, the earth god).
rune Dagaz (D: dawn, day).
rune Othala (O: ancestral homeland).

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