The runes

Below are the runes of the Elder Futhark

Fehu (F: cattle).
Uruz (U: auroch, a wild ox).
Thurisaz (Th: thorn or giant).
Ansuz (A: an Æsir god).
Raidho (R: ride, wagon).
Kenaz (K: torch).
Gebu (G: gift).
Wunjo (W or V: joy).
Hagalaz (H: hail, hailstone).
Nauthiz (N: necessity).
Isa (I: ice).
Jera (J or Y: year).
Eihwaz (Ei: Yew tree).
Perthro (P: initiation).
Algiz (Z: elk).
Sowilo (S: sun).
Tiwaz (T: Tiw, the sky god).
Berkano (B: birch).
Ehwaz (E: horse).
Mannaz (M: mankind).
Laguz (L: water).
Ingwaz (Ng: Ing, the earth god).
Dagaz (D: dawn, day).
Othala (O: ancestral homeland).

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